A survey of 21,000 citizens in 14 European countries shows that they identify more with their town, region or country than they do with Europe. There is broad consensus in Europe around certain political-economic values like a preference for the market economy, coinciding with support for the welfare state model and for the state taking an active role in the economy. Religious values differentiate the views held by Europeans, and are associated with a series of attitudes and judgments in other life areas.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Economics, Finance and Management category goes in this second edition to Andreu Mas-Colell, of Pompeu Fabra University, and Hugo Sonnenschein, of the University of Chicago (United States), for “extending the reach and applicability of general equilibrium analysis and for establishing the modern theory of aggregate demand”, in the words of the jury’s citation. Their work has helped achieve better models for the overall behavior of the economy, and particularly to interpret and “empirically measure consumer behavior”.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Contemporary Music category goes in this inaugural edition to Spanish composer and conductor Cristóbal Halffter Jiménez-Encina (Madrid, 1930), whose works “breathe an immense inspiration” in the words of the prize jury. “Through their coherence and the continuity of their commitment, they have greatly contributed to the idea of a European contemporary music”. “Since the late 1950s and early 1960s” the citation goes on, “[Halffter] has made a major contribution to the reintroduction of Spanish music into the world of contemporary music”. He is considered one of the leading composers from the “Generation of 1951”, responsible for introducing into Spain the main currents of the European musical avant-garde.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Development Cooperation category goes in this second edition to the Development Research Institute, DRI, at New York University, for “its contribution to the analysis of foreign aid provision, and its challenge to the conventional wisdom in development assistance”, in the words of the jury’s citation. This U.S. institute, founded in 2003, is devoted to research on the economic development and growth of poor countries and to advising aid agencies how to improve their performance.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Ecology and Conservation Biology category goes in this second edition to plant ecologist Peter B. Reich (New York, 1953) for work that “radically improves our understanding of and ability to predict terrestrial ecosystem compositional and functional responses to global environmental change, including climate change (…) and biodiversity loss”, in the words of the award citation.