The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Ecology and Conservation Biology category goes in this third edition to naturalist Edward O. Wilson, “one of the most influential thinkers of our time, an exceptional biologist and a world-class natural historian”, in the words of the prize jury. Wilson “coined and popularized the term ‘biodiversity’, which is the label for global conservation issues and efforts across the globe, and has contributed much to making our society aware of its value”.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Biomedicine category goes in this third edition to Shinya Yamanaka for “showing that it is possible to reprogram differentiated cells back into a state that is characteristic of pluripotent cells”, said the jury in its citation.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Basic Sciences category goes in this third edition to the U.S. scientist of Hungarian origin Gabor A. Somorjai, “for his pioneering experimental and conceptual contributions to the understanding of surface chemistry and catalysis at a microscopic and molecular level”, in the words of the prize jury.
U.S. scientist Donald E. Knuth takes the award for “making computing into a science”. His The Art of Computer Programming, which still occupies all his time and whose fourth volume has just come out, systematizes the way that human beings talk to machines and is considered the seminal work on computer science.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Climate Change category goes in this third edition to British economist Nicholas Stern, whose “pioneering 2006 report shaped and focused the discourse on the economics of climate change” in the words of the prize jury. The “advanced economic analysis” applied by Stern has been the means to “quantify the impacts and costs” arising from the alteration of our planet’s climate, as well as providing “a unique and robust basis for decision-making”.