In recent decades, the environment has emerged as a major focus of social concern and political debate, due in part to the rapid advance of the environmental sciences, which provide tested arguments about the risks of not acting responsibly in the management of species and ecosystems.
More than half a million data records and 200 maps tracking male and female mortality rates in Spain over a period of 20 years. This is the information brought together in the new BBVA Foundation publication Atlas of Mortality in Spanish Municipalities and Census Tracts 1984-2004, compiled by a team of 25 researchers led by Joan Benach and José Miguel Martínez, researchers and professors at Pompeu Fabra University.
In John Le Carré’s literary universe, “sleeper agents” were the greatest threat: inactive spies working alone who would stay under the radar for years awaiting their orders to attack. In the world of cancer, this role is taken by metastatic cells, which survive surgery and therapies only to attack other organs months or even years after the appearance of the original tumor. For researchers, the challenge is to identify these cells and learn about the mechanisms they use to survive and those that trigger their reawakening.
Science as a guide to decisions that will shape the future, as a source of life-altering ideas and technologies, as a route to discoveries that change attitudes and end up permeating culture. The presentation ceremony of the fifth edition of the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Awards, which took place this evening in the Marqués de Salamanca Palace, Madrid, became above all a tribute to the scientific and creative work and its transformative power in the person and achievements of the ten laureates.
Pierre Boulez will collect the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Contemporary Music at a ceremony tomorrow evening, in recognition that “he is not only an eminent composer, with a determinedly forward vision, but also a key figure engaging in every aspect of musical reflection and transmission,” in the words of the award citation. “The sum of his activities,” the jury concludes, “evidences an acute awareness of the artist’s intellectual and social responsibility in the modern age.”