The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Economics, Finance and Management category goes in this seventh edition to Briton Richard Blundell and Canadian David Card for “their contributions to empirical microeconomics,” in the words of the jury’s citation. “Motivated by important empirical questions, they developed and estimated appropriate econometric models, making significant methodological contributions in the process. Both are known for their attention to institutional detail, careful and innovative research design, rigorous application of econometric tools, and dispassionate reporting of results.”
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Contemporary Music category goes in this seventh edition to the Hungarian composer György Kurtág, whose work stands out, in the view of the jury, for its “rare expressive intensity.” “The novel dimension of his music,” the citation continues, “lies not in the material he uses but in its spirit, the authenticity of its language, and the way it crosses borders between spontaneity and reflection, between formalism and expression.”
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Ecology and Conservation Biology category goes in this seventh edition to David Tilman, professor at the University of Minnesota, for scientifically establishing the value of biodiversity, quantifying, for the first time, how it contributes to make ecosystems “more productive, more resilient to invasions, and more stable in the face of perturbations such as drought,” in the words of the jury’s citation.
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Biomedicine category is shared in this seventh edition by Tony Hunter, professor and Director of the Salk Institute Cancer Center in La Jolla, California; Joseph Schlessinger, Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology at Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, and Charles Sawyers, Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program Chair at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, for “carving out the path that led to the development of a new class of successful cancer drugs.”
The BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Basic Sciences has gone in this seventh edition to U.S. chemist Stephen Buchwald “for the development of catalytic routes based on palladium and copper to construct carbon-nitrogen and carbon-carbon bonds,” an advance with “great impact” on the “efficient synthesis of modern pharmaceuticals and compounds for agricultural use,” in the words of the prize jury.